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Test Code Adal w/Rflx Adalimumab Quantitative with Reflex to Antibody, Serum

Specimen Required

Patient Preparation: For 12 hours before specimen collection, it is recommended that the patient not take multivitamins or dietary supplements containing biotin (vitamin B7), which is commonly found in hair, skin, and nail supplements and multivitamins.

Collection Container/Tube:

Preferred: Serum gel

Acceptable: Red top

Submission Container/Tube: Plastic vial

Specimen Volume: 0.5 mL

Collection Instructions: Centrifuge and aliquot serum into a plastic vial

Seattle Children's Hospital Note:

Clinical System Name: Adalimumab Level with Reflex to Antibody

Reflex Tests

Test ID Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
ADLAB Adalimumab Ab, S No No

Testing Algorithm

If the result is 8.0 mcg/mL or less, then adalimumab antibody test will be performed at an additional charge.

Method Name

Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA)

Reporting Name

Adalimumab QN with Reflex to Ab, S

Specimen Type


Specimen Minimum Volume

0.35 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Serum Refrigerated (preferred) 28 days
  Frozen  28 days

Reject Due To

Gross hemolysis OK
Gross lipemia OK

Reference Values


Limit of quantitation is 0.8 mcg/mL. Optimal therapeutic ranges are disease specific.


<14.0 AU/mL

Method Description

Adalimumab Quantitation:

The adalimumab enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is designed to determine the quantity of free adalimumab (therapeutic antibody against tumor necrosis factor-alpha: TNF-alpha) in serum samples. In a first incubation step, the free adalimumab from the sample is bound to the specific monoclonal anti-adalimumab antibody coated on the plate. To remove all unbound substances, a washing step is carried out. In a further incubation step, peroxidase-labeled antibody is added. Tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) is used as a substrate for peroxidase. Finally, an acidic stop solution is added to terminate the reaction. The color changes from blue to yellow. The intensity of the yellow color is directly proportional to the concentration of free adalimumab in the sample. A dose response curve of the absorbance unit (optical density: OD) verses concentration is generated, using the values obtained from standard. The concentrations of free adalimumab in the samples are determined directly from this curve.(Package insert: Adalimumab Drug Level ELISA reagent. Immun Diagnostik; KR9657, ver 10/2020)


Antibodies to Adalimumab:

This ELISA test serves for the determination of antibodies against TNF-alpha blocker adalimumab (Amjevita and Humira). During sample preparation, the antibodies-to-adalimumab (ATA) are separated from the therapeutic antibody adalimumab using an acid dissociation in order to acquire free ATA. By adding the peroxidase conjugate (POD-therapeutic antibody adalimumab) and the tracer (biotinylated therapeutic antibody adalimumab), the unlabeled therapeutic antibodies are replaced, and the labeled antibodies can form a complex with the ATA. This complex binds via biotin to the streptavidin-coated microtiter plate. It is detected via the peroxidase conjugate with the peroxidase converting the substrate, TMB, to a blue product. The enzymatic reaction is stopped by adding an acidic solution. The samples convert from blue to yellow. The color change should be measured in a photometer at 450 nm. The interpretation is made using the cut-off control.(Package insert: Adalimumab Total ADA ELISA reagent. Immun Diagnostik; KR9651, ver 02/2021)

Day(s) Performed

Monday, Wednesday, Friday

Seattle Children's Hospital Note:

TAT: 3 - 6 days

Report Available

2 to 4 days

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Clinic Laboratories in Rochester

Test Classification

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information


83520 (if appropriate)

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
ADALX Adalimumab QN with Reflex to Ab, S 86894-3


Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
ADALX Adalimumab QN with Reflex to Ab, S 86894-3


If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send one of the following with the specimen:

-Gastroenterology and Hepatology Client Test Request (T728)

-Therapeutics Test Request (T831)