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Test Code Ehrl Abs Ehrlichia Antibody Panel, Serum

Reporting Name

Ehrlichia Ab Panel

Useful For

As an adjunct in the diagnosis of infection with Anaplasma phagocytophilum or Ehrlichia chaffeensis

 

Seroepidemiological surveys of the prevalence of the infection in certain populations

Profile Information

Test ID Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
ANAP Anaplasma phagocytophilum Ab, IgG,S Yes Yes
EHRC Ehrlichia Chaffeensis (HME) Ab, IgG Yes Yes

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Clinic Laboratories in Rochester

Specimen Type

Serum


Specimen Required


Container/Tube:

Preferred: Serum gel

Acceptable: Red top

Specimen Volume: 0.5 mL


Specimen Minimum Volume

0.25 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time
Serum Refrigerated (preferred) 14 days
  Frozen  14 days

Reference Values

ANAPLASMA PHAGOCYTOPHILUM

<1:64

Reference values apply to all ages.

 

EHRLICHIA CHAFFEENSIS

<1:64

Reference values apply to all ages.

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Friday; 9 a.m.

Seattle Children's Hospital Note:

TAT: 3 - 5 days

Test Classification

This test was developed using an analyte specific reagent. Its performance characteristics were determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information

86666 x 2

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
EHRCP Ehrlichia Ab Panel 77165-9

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
81157 Anaplasma phagocytophilum Ab, IgG,S 23877-4
81478 Ehrlichia Chaffeensis (HME) Ab, IgG 47405-6

Testing Algorithm

See Acute Tick-Borne Disease Testing Algorithm in Special Instructions.

Reject Due To

Hemolysis

Mild OK; Gross reject

Lipemia

Mild OK; Gross reject

Icterus

Mild OK; Gross reject

Other

Heat-inactivated specimen

Method Name

Immunofluorescence Assay (IFA)

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Microbiology Test Request (T244) with the specimen.

Method Description

The patient's serum is diluted and is placed in microscopic slide wells that have been coated with Anaplasma phagocytophilum-infected cells and/or Ehrlichia chaffeenis-infected cells. After incubation, the slides are washed and a fluorescein-isothiocyanate conjugate is added to each well. The slides are then read using a fluorescence microscope and significant fluorescent staining of intracellular organisms constitutes a positive reaction.(Dumler JS, Asanovich KM, Bakken JS, et al: Serologic cross-reactions among Ehrlichia equi, Ehrlichia phagcoytophilia, and human granulocytic ehrlichia. J Clin Microbiol 1995;33:1098-1103; Pancholi P, Kolbert CP, Mitchell PD, et al: Ixodes dammini as a potential vector of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis. J Infect Dis 1995;172:1007-1012; Dawson JE, Fishbein DB, Eng TR, et al: Diagnosis of human ehrlichiosis with the indirect fluorescent antibody test: kinetics and specificity. J Infect Dis 1990;162:91-95)